Thursday, September 5, 2013

Description of “Hand” techniques utilized in Oyata's Methodology

  The majority of Hand techniques that are taught in Oyata's Methodology are also used by numerous other Okinawan (or Japanese) systems (though possibly by various names). It's more often that the difference is in how they are utilized by Oyata's Methodology. I will give an explanation of how “we”(at our school) teach them to be performed.
  This will be a basic explanation, only covering general execution.
(And yes, I do know the Japanese names for them, I choose not to use them, read elsewhere for my opinion on That subject).
Forearm Strikes
  Different Forearm Strikes have Different variations These consist of "palm in-PI", "palm up-PU" and “palm-down PD” versions. The “hand” rotation is relevant only that it rotates the striking surface (of the forearm) differently to the Target being impacted (Commonly striking with the Ulnar bone). The impacting surface will (either) be the back (dorsal) or the medial side of the striking forearm. At the beginning level, The “hand”, should in all cases be kept closed, but “loose”.
This motion has the arm "cross" the body at the waist (initially protecting the groin), then sweeps upward while remaining close to the tori's body. After becoming vertical, the forearm motions forward. This motion can terminate with the palm “up” (PU) or “Inward” (PI). body at chest level.
The Determination of Inside, or Outside is determined by The direction of body rotation made while performing the arm motion.

Outside/ Inside and Forward “Forearm Strikes”:
 These versions are created by performing the described motion with the Right arm and the body rotates to face the right (for a “Right” Outside forearm strike). Turning to face the Left (while performing this same motion) will produce a “Right” Inside forearm strike. If/when no (body) rotation is made, the strike will be regarded as being a Forward forearm strike (commonly performed “PI”, and striking with either the Ulnar or dorsal side of the arm).

Low Forearm Strike:
 This motion has the arm raising to the opposite hip, then moving downward "sweeping" motion until the arm is straight PD or PI (Motioned to either the front or side of the tori's body through the rotation of the body).

High/Rising Forearm Strike:
 This motion has the arm "cross" the body at the waist, then sweeps upward past the face, and above the user's head PO (note* this motion is not considered an actual “block”, when it is used {as shown in kata} it is more often a striking motion. When “used” as a “block”, it's usefulness becomes limited, if not detrimental)

Double Forearm Strike:
 This motion combines the Forward Forearm strike and the Low Forearm strike simultaneously. This motion is alternated (in the same manner as it is utilized in defensive actions). “Casual observers” of this motion could believe that the “striking action of the forearms is “side-to-side” (which would be incorrect). This motion also includes the Forward “Strikes” being done with the hands. Commonly, the ending position of the hands will have either hand at a 45º angle (as if they were being utilized to hold a “Bo”).

Arm Sweeps

  The intention of using sweeps (instead of strikes), is based upon speed of application (often because of the strike being an originally “unexpected” strike attempt, hence they are performed with the hands “open”.

Inside Arm Sweep (High):
 This motion begins with the open-hand raising (Palm up). As the hand reaches waist level, the elbow will extend forward (motioning the rising hand forward). Once reaching shoulder height, the hand will motion towards the uke's center line and downward (towards the uke's waist level) rotating to palm down (ceasing it's motion at the uke's waist level). The hand of the utilized arm should cease it's (traveled) motion closer to the uke than the tori.
Outside Arm Sweep (High):
  This motion begins with the raising hand's arm bending at the elbow and extending once the hand reaches waist level. That raising motion will begin by the hand crossing the groin and extending towards the opposite side hip (of the uke). The utilized hand raises palm-down, as it raises to shoulder height. The utilized arm then bends at the elbow. As the tori's body rotates, the arm is motioned to a vertical position, then rotates to palm-down and is then lowered (forward).

Inside Arm Sweep (Low):
  The hand will motion forward when below the waist (Palm Down/Medial), and the tori will rotate their body to face the opposite side (of the arm being utilized). 
Outside Arm Sweep (Low):
  The hand will motion forward when below the waist (Palm Down/Medial), and the tori will rotate their body to face the same side (as the arm being utilized). 
The Oyata Methodology “Milking” Punch

  These are punches, executed at the height called for (I.E. high,low Ect.). For practice, they are preformed at those (“requested”) various heights. The name describes the wrist motion that is done at the “end” of the punching action. The motion “mimics” the action made by the hand when using the Bokken/Suburito.

  There are numerous versions of the above techniques. “These” are taught to students as (only) being “foundation” motions. All of the above are done with the fingers maintaining a “loose” state (ie. The instructor should be able to “slide” a finger into the “rolled” fingers of the student's loose “fist”). This is done to increase the speed of the motions (by “relaxing” the muscles that “clench” the fingers closed, thus allowing them to contribute to “moving” the arm). They (the techniques) can/will very often be modified to fit the individual situation per the users requirements.
  All of the listed motions (other than those identified) concentrate on the “forearm” of the user, being the striking surface utilized for the action.
  Actual “Hand” shapes (forms, etc. Of which there are numerous ones) are shown at “later” stages of training, most often for individual striking techniques or targets.

These are the basic arm motions taught. There are a few others that are intermittently utilized, but only on an occasional basis. 

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